What is William Shakespeare’s Contribution to the English Literature Full Details?
About William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was a great English dramatist, actor, and Poet. He also is known as National Poet and also ” Bard of Avon”.He was born 1564 in Stradford – upon – Avon, United Kingdom and he died in 1616.
About Globe Theatre: The famous Globe Theatre which was originally known as Elizabethan theatre which opened in 1599 in Southwark by Shakespeare’s playing Company. The Globe theatre was in London and famous for Shakespearean plays and associated with Shakespeare.
Shakespeare popularity in English dramas
Shakespeare’s works reflected the history of English dramas. That was by far the greatest and golden period in English literature. He wrote 37 plays and his works which contributed and selected the most wonderful genre of dramas, tragedies, comedies, romance, etc.
He wrote in many different genres and he was mastered in it. His tragedies of all time people’s favorite are Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello, Romeo – Juliet, Julies caeser, King lear, and his comedies All well that’s ends well, As you like it, The merchant of Venice, A midsummer’s night, twelfth night and many more and after the popularity of his plays make movies on his plays; his plays translated to 50 languages and performed across the globe for an audience of all ages.
He also tries his hand in different genres like he wrote 154 sonnets. Sonnets are a poem of 14 lines used any number of rhyme schemes in English ten syllable per line and five narrative long poems named as “Venus and Adonis”, “The Rape of Lucrece”, “The passionate pilgrim”, “The Phoenix and the turtle”, ” A lover’s complaint”. There were at that time the Globe theatre where most of the plays were done there. His plays also in college syllabuses.
He is the most read playwright in the western hemisphere. He also invented iambic pentameter this is ” a form of poetry that is still widely used today. He also invented many phrases that we use today in daily day today life-like ” Brevity” is the soul of wit,” the game is a foot”, “truth will out” and “whats done is done” among others. He expands the potential of what called visual arts and worked at plot, character, theme, setting, and dialogue, or language. His other major contribution is his Linguistic output, Constant use of the expressions from the old testament.
No other writer has exercised so much influence on English Language as Shakespeare done so much contribution to the english world:
- Vocabulary building
- Morphological processing
- Effective employment of words & phrases
- Different grammatical principles
- Individualization of character
- Shylock ‘s language
A. C.Bendly claims that ” The greatness of W. Shakespeare lies not in innovative thought process, but in the artistic representation of thought process with the help of a greater number of new words and expressions.” There are some expressions or phrases which we use on a basis regular way without knowing that have come from the immortal pen of Shakespeare.
The following are some unforgettable phrases ” words”.
- “Fair is Foul, Foul is Fair”, (Macbeth)
- ” Prime” rose path to the everlasting bonfire” ( Macbeth)
- ” Life’s fitful fever”, (Macbeth)
- ” Hurlyburly” (Macbeth)
- ” Full of sound furry” (Macbeth)
- ” It’s Greek to me” ( Julius Caeser)
- ” All that’s Glitter isn’t gold” (Merchant of Venice)
- ” To be or not to be” ( Hamlet)
- ” Be all and all” (Macbeth)
- ” All the world’s a stage and all the men and women. They have their exits and their enhances and one-man play many parts.” ( As you like it)
- ” Some are born are great, Some achieve greatness and some have greatness thrust upon them.”( Twelfth Night).
According to Otto Jesperson ( The Growth and Structure of English Language), Shakesperean contributions in English philology is the richest ever employed by any single man.” His unique use of word organized English vocabulary.
- Dwindle (Macbeth)
- Weird ( Macbeth)
- Assassination (Macbeth)
- last gate
- Fashionable ( Troilus and ressider)
- Obscene ( Love’s Labour’s lost)
- Swagger ( Henry v)
- Puking ( As you like it)
- Addiction ( Othello)
- Zany ( Lover’s Labour lost)
Shakespeare known for his plays and mostly his written dialogue’s in the drama which makes quotes. Shakespeare’s most memorable quotes as a reminder for many years among his fan audiences. his dramas never become old. Shylock use of terms like ” Jacob Staff”, ” Partic- colored Lamb”, “Holy Sabbath”, “ Hoggar’s offspring” and so on.
Shakesperean contribution to English morphology is just wonderful. He develops new compound words by adding prefix “un”, ” unavoided”, (inevitable), ” unvalued’ ( precious), ” ungor”, (unborn), “unkiss”, ” unfathered”. A number of new words were formed by adding french prefix ” en” , or “em”,(enack), “enkindle”, ” endeared”, “embattled”, ” emorison”, etc. He also extended the meaning of very many words like ” charm” which previously meant ‘ well known’, but Shakespeare uses like ‘ magical power”, ‘ bonnet’ previously ‘ weaving the lower part of lady’, but it means ‘ cap’ or ‘hat’.
His most memorable quotes of all time :
- Hamlet: Neither a borrower nor a lender be, for loan aft loses both itself and friend”.
- “Green-eyed monster. ” (Othello)
- ” Off with his head .” Richard II)
- ” Fair play” ( The Tempest)
- “Lie Low” ( Much Ado About Nothing)
- ” Love is blind ‘ ( The Merchant of Venice)
- ” All’s well that ends well” ( All’s well that ends well)
- ” A wild-goose chase” (Romeo – Juliet)
- “Naked Truth” (( Love’s Labour Lost)
- ” Give the devil his due” ( Henry iv, Part I)
- ” Salad Days” ( Antony and Cleopatra)
- ” Wear your heart or your sleeve” (Othello)
- ” All of a sudden” ( The Taming of the Shrew)
- “Break the Ice” (The Taming of the Shrew)
- “A sea Change”(The Tempest)
- ” Minds Eye” ( Hamlet)
- ” Truth will out”( The Merchant of Venice)
- “Lilly Liver’d” ( Macbeth)
Why Shakespeare is different?
He always inspired their audiences with the realistic plot, strong storyline, manage themes, his great imaginative ideas, & develop character so fine who remembered afterward. His ability to profound feelings and reactions to his writing is also apart from other writers.
Thus, Shakespeare’s art of writing is which included magic to the readers and it’s magnetic touch to their stories which never get old with time. it looks so real as we live with them. Looking back to memories of his dramas and stories no one is out of a beautiful dream. His stories are so bound and combined in emotion and feelings and thrilling story plot. It’s amazing to read his work.